scales & scale patterns
A basic knowledge of the different scales is necessary to accomplish the performance of patterns.
A short and basic overview of all the keys and scales can be found here.
Some of the most extensive collections are Franz Liszt's Technische Studien (1868-73) and Hélène de Montgeroult's Cours complet pour l'enseignement du forte piano (composed 1788-1812). Liszt's collection of exercises consists of twelve books and, although not published until the second part of the 19th century, this collection spans a tradition of many decades.
Despite the copious amount of published exercises, it was also the intention, according to Liszt, to create one's own exercises and to study them in all keys.
Scale patterns can be classified into different types. In the following Liszt examples, a specific number of notes are grouped together in scale fragments.
In the following Hummel examples, patterns are organised by interval.
The following Liszt examples show patterns with multiple simultaneous notes.
The following Hummel patterns contain a mix of different motions.
More and other interesting piano methods with series of exercises are listed below. More can also be found on the platform publications.
Johann Nepomuk Hummel (1778-1837)
Ignaz Moscheles (1794-1870) & François-Jospeh Fétis (1784-1871)
Méthode des méthodes, Op.98 (1837)
Henri Herz (1803-1888)
Joseph Zimmermann (1785-1853)